2, contents, history edit See also: Timeline of Cremona Ancient edit Cremona is first mentioned in history as a settlement of the Cenomani, a Gallic ( Celtic ) tribe that arrived in the Po valley around 400.Composer Marc'Antonio Ingegneri taught there; Claudio Monteverdi was his most famous student, before leaving for Mantua in 1591.Cremona and nearby Placentia (modern Piacenza, on the south bank of the Po were founded in the same year, as bases for penetration into what became the Roman Province of Gallia Cisalpina ( Cisalpine Gaul ).

Beginning in the 16th century, Cremona became renowned as a centre of musical instrument manufacture, with the violins of the Amati and Rugeri families, and later the products of the Guarneri and Stradivari shops.Cremona has also a first-division waterpolo club and, by the 1980s, had built a strong basketball tradition, now brought on by Gruppo Triboldi, a team from Soresina which however usually plays in Cremona.In 1441 the city hosted the marriage of Francesco I Sforza and Bianca Maria Visconti in the temple built by the Benedictines, which today is the church of Saint Sigismund.

City coat of arms of Cremona on the town hall Comune edit Under Henry IV, Cremona refused to pay the oppressive taxes requested by the Empire and the bishop.Astronomical clock on the Torrazzo belltower.Moreover, agriculture was boosted with a new network of canals.